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Resilienz: Natural Disasters and Resilient Communities

SolvorNatural Disasters and Resilient Communities
What is the connection between community resilience and disasters? Resilience can be understood both in terms of risk reduction and response to crisis. Resilience can be learned and developed. There is therefore hope for every community, and aid organisations can take the role as teacher or facilitator.

Risk reduction and facilitation of strengths
The UNISDR (United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction) aims to facilitate resilience in communities through reducing risks present. The IFRC (International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies) argues this approach to be too focused on vulnerability, calling for greater attention towards strengths already present in a community, and ways of enhancing these.

Sustainable Livelihoods Approach
What is the most fruitful approach in connection to community resilience? Both are necessary in order to facilitate resilient communities. Risk and resilience are opposite sides of the same coin; resilience does only exist in the presence of risks. The risks have to be reduced, and the resilience strengthened. The Sustainable Livelihoods Approach provides a frame in which both risk reduction and facilitation of strengths are relevant. This approach argues all communities to inhabit natural, financial, human, social and physical capital. They all carry the potential to, and are crucial in order to increase resilience to natural disasters.

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